Magic honors the four elements of the universe, also known as the elements of earth, fire, water, and air.
All these elements are necessary for life and work in harmony to create and sustain life. Practitioners, witches, and spell casters use these elements as part of their spells and rituals.
Different elements are essential, depending on the spell being performed. They are sometimes used altogether and represented in things such as a bowl of water, a wand, a candle, and some salt or earth.
The elements of magic are used in witchcraft, paganism, and Wicca. They describe everything there is in the universe. Some things can be part of one element and part of another. Other things are just part of one element. A “whole” object consists of elements of all components – fire, water, air, earth, and spirit. The elements are used to create a way of seeing the world. The whole world is represented in these elements.
The Element of Air
The element of air is represented by the sky, wind, and clouds. The peaks of high mountains are also assigned to the element of air because they reach into the sky. The animals of this element are the birds, especially eagles and hawks, that soar high in the sky. On the other hand, ducks, flamingos, and similar birds are less associated with the air because they spend a lot of time in the water.
This element represents knowledge and intellect. It is said that ideas come straight from the air and that thought is representative of the air. In terms of ‘practicability,’ this element is the opposite of earth. Earth is considered practical, air impractical. The direction of the air is east because the sun rises in the east. Air rules over the following: wisdom, intuition, logic, theory, learning, fertility, new starting, future planning, and plan making.
For this reason, morning is the time of day associated with air. Spring is also associated with this element, as it stands for new beginnings and the male gender. The colors of the element are yellow, white and sky blue. His magical tools are wands, incense sticks, rattles, bells, feathers, and fans.
Elemental Correspondences for Air
- Direction: East
- Season: Spring
- Numbers: 5, 11
- Time: Dawn
- Colors: Yellow, white, sky blue
- Gender: Masculine
- Zodiac: Gemini, Libra, Aquarius
- Planets: Neptune, Mercury, Jupiter, Uranus
- Tarot: Suit of Swords
- Runes: Dagaz, Mannaz, Tiwaz, Sowilo, Algiz, Eihwaz, Gebo, Raidho,
- Chakra: Heart
- Witch’s Tool: Athame, Dagger, Wand, Censer, Incense
- Crystals: Zircon, aquamarine, garnet, Clear Quartz, opal
- Plants: Allspice, azalea, clove, Lily of the valley, mulberry, apple, honeysuckle
- Animals: Birds, flying insects, ladybugs, dragonflies, bees, butterflies
- Associations: Mental power, communication, thought, intellect, teaching, freedom, travel, beginnings, happiness, laughter
- Types of Magic: Visualization, creativity, finding lost objects, studying, astral travel, travel, communication, divination, telepathy
The Element of Fire
The element of fire is different from the other magical elements. Fire has no geography and is just itself. It is an outsider, out of all control, for it does not follow normal rules. Fire is associated with volcanoes and the desert. Animals associated with the element of fire include tigers and lions, which have a fiery color to their fur. Brightly colored orange salamanders are associated with fire, and other lizards are considered part of this magical element. Hot chilies and cumin are associated with fire in a herbal sense. Fire is regarded as a male element and is considered to be focused outward from the self. Fire rules over energy, passion, purification, healing, our spirit, joy, and destruction.
Fire means stubbornness and power. It is the spark that gives a spell its power. People with violent tempers are often associated with the element of fire. Fire is a healing element, and its direction is south. Its time of day is midday when the sun is highest in the sky. Fire represents the germ that springs from a seed. Its colors are orange, red and yellow. The magical tool of fire is the candle.
Elemental Correspondences for Fire
- Witch’s Tool: Wand, Sword, Rod, Candles
- Crystals: Ruby, Carnelian, Sunstone, Citrine, Obsidian, Hematite, Amber, Tiger-eye, Bloodstone
- Plants: Almond, saffron, sunflower, ash, maple, cayenne, marigold
- Animals: Lion, cat, snake, lizard
- Associations: Passion, courage, creativity, anger, desire, action, the will, sex, lust, energy, work, destruction, strength
- Types of Magic: Love, protection, healing, banishing, exorcism, empowering, success, purification
The Element of Water
Water is represented as lakes and oceans. The moon is associated with water because it influences the tides. Any creature that lives in the sea is associated with this element, as well as whales and dolphins. It is a feminine element associated with feelings of emotion and mood swings. Childbirth relates to water as it relates to the amniotic fluid. The direction of water is the west, and the colors are turquoise, blue, and silver. In ritual, the element is represented by a simple bowl of water. Some Wiccans add a shell to make it even more like the sea.
Similarly, water rules over the following things: love, intuition, the womb, feelings, divination, and exploring our unconscious mind.
Elemental Correspondences for Water
- Witch’s Tool: Chalice, Cauldron
- Crystals: Pearl, Jade, Sapphire, Amethyst, Calcite, moonstone, rose quartz, coral
- Herbs: Water Lily, orchid, iris, jasmine, lotus, raspberry, willow, ylang-ylang
- Associations: Emotions, divination, intuition, healing, dreams, rivers, ocean, lakes, love, sadness, cleansing, dissolution, compassion
- Types of Magic: Love, healing, psychic awareness, divination, friendship, peace, sleep, dreams, fertility
The Element of Earth
The last of the elements of magic is the earth. The earth represents the whole of nature. Rocks, salt, soil, and rolling hills all represent the element of earth. Caves are considered a part of the earth. The animals most representative of the earth are the bear, the pig, cattle, and the boar. Goats are a part of the earth element. Earth is considered female and contains the direction of North. It is associated with the time of midnight because places under the earth are considered dark. Earth also represents pregnancy and fertility. Brown and black are considered earth colors. On the Wiccan altar, salt is used to represent the earth.
Earth rules over the natural world, growth, physical body, stability, self-perception, material wealth, and silence.
Elemental Correspondences for Earth
- Chakra: Root
- Crystals: Onyx, jet, malachite, Jade, Hematite, Turquoise, Aventurine
- Plants: sage, mint, thyme, fennel, Valerian, lavender, holly, carnation, pine, oak
- Animals: Bear, wolf, deer, cow, bull, ox, snake
- Associations: Prosperity, abundance, money, wealth, animals, stability, nature, strength, home, nature, protection
- Types of Magic: Prosperity, grounding, fertility, ancestors, protection, household
The Element of Spirit
The spirit, also called Akasha or Ether, isn’t an element per se, but it is commonly included as a magical element as the fifth point of the pentagram. The spirit is the binding force between the other elements that runs through all other matters and the source of magic. Spirit creates everything, enlivens everything, and abides in everything. Therefore, it is always present. When a ritual is performed, or a spell is cast, the practitioner connects with the spirit and elevates her spell work from the physical realm to the divine realm. The spirit is energy, which flows through everything and everywhere and has not yet achieved a form or substance. It is the primal source of energy that fuels and creates the elements: Air, Water, Fire, and Earth.
The spirit rules over transportation, transcendence, finding out the mystery, and keeping other elements balanced.
Elemental Correspondences for Earth
- Plants: Mistletoe, nightshade, coltsfoot
- Animals: Unicorn, Sphinx
- Associations: Transcendence, power, time, unification, transformation, magic, alchemy, divination
- Types of Magic: Transformation, power, spiritual, religious